High Pressure Hot Water Heating in the 19th Century.

July 28, 2022 1:01 pm


Today, when we start to feel the cold chill of winter approaching, we can reach for our boiler controls and have our homes nice and warm in no time at all. That is as long as your system is in full working order. If you are having issues, you should speak with a Boiler Repair Gloucester company such as www.hprservicesltd.com/gloucester-boilers/boiler-service-gloucester/ to get these issues resolved as quickly as possible.

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Back in the 19th Century, there were a number of different ways that people could keep themselves and their homes nice and warm, and the Perkins’ High-Pressure Hot Water Heating System was one such way.

Born in Massachusetts in 1799, Angier March Perkins joined his father, Jacob, on a trip to England in 1819. Angier Marsh Perkins was born in Massachusetts in 1799. He accompanied his father, Jacob, to England in 1819. In order to demonstrate his expertise in the field of steam engines and boilers, Jacob secured a number of patents. Using small diameter piping developed in 1825 by the company of John Russell & Son of Staffordshire, Perkins himself developed a sealed, high-pressure hot water heating system utilising small diameter piping that was developed in 1825 by John Russell & Son.

As a result of his efforts, he used seam-welded wrought iron with a wall thickness of 6mm, and the furnace apparatus was designed to maintain 177°C (350°F) at all times, although it would sometimes rise to unacceptably high pressure and a dangerous temperature of 287.8°C (550°F).

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A sinuous coil of about one-sixth of the total length of the tube was arranged in Perkins’ first furnaces, there being a brick combustion chamber lined with firebrick to contain about one-sixth of the total tube length. There were metal-cased Perkins boilers available in 1840, which contained the furnace tubes, but the brick setting arrangement seems to have been widely used as it was more cost-effective than the metal-cased boilers of that time.

A medium pressure system was developed by Perkins in 1839 using a water supply cistern containing a relief valve instead of an expansion tube. As a result, this was able to override most of the objections to the extremely high and dangerous temperatures and pressures that had been used in the original system.